Woman of Jamaica

 

Woman of Jamaica
A. Duperly & Sons of Jamaica

A carte-de-visite portrait of an elderly, bespectacled Jamaican woman wearing a hat and a short, outdoor cloak, seated in a photographer’s studio holding her handbag on her lap.

Photographed by A. Duperly & Sons of Harbour Street, Kingston, Jamaica.

Born in Paris in 1801, Adolphe Duperly was an engraver, lithographer, printer and photographer who settled in Jamaica and later established a photographic studio on the island. The date of his arrival is not known but he was certainly there by 1831, when he produced a lithograph depicting the Baptist War of that year. Another lithograph in 1838 showed the celebrations held in Kingston to mark full emancipation from slavery. His lithographic work provides a visual record of the island’s African-Caribbean people. Around 1841 he established a photographic studio. During the 1840s he published a series of lithographs taken from his own daguerreotypes of Jamaican scenes. After his death in 1865, the studio continued under the management of his eldest son and later that of his grandsons.

Condition: the print presents a few small, peripheral imperfections but is otherwise in excellent condition, with very good tonal range. The mount is also in excellent condition, with crisp edges and sharp corners. 


price:  £250
code: cat001
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
Two Zulu men

Two Zulu men
Robert Forbes of Pietermaritzburg

A carte-de-visite portrait of two young Zulu men, each with an arm around the other’s shoulders.

Photographed by Forbes of Pietermaritzburg in Natal [today the capital and second largest city in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa].

According to the website of the Royal Commonwealth Society Photography Collection at Cambridge University, the commercial photographer Robert Forbes originally operated a studio at 14 Loop Street in Pietermaritzburg, which by 1878 he had relocated to 8 Greyling Street, Pietermaritzburg. Between 1889 and 1894 he appears to have been active in Bethlehem, a small town roughly 200 miles NW of Pietermaritzburg.

Condition: the print presents a number of small black marks in the area of the background but is otherwise in excellent condition, with good tonal range. The mount presents a couple of faint smudges verso but is otherwise also in excellent condition, with crisp edges and sharp corners. 

 

 

 


price:  SOLD
code: cat002
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
Woman of Martinique

Woman of Martinique
Hartmann of Martinique (attrib.)

A very fine carte-de-visite portrait of an elderly black woman of Martinique, resplendent in a striped turban, earrings and necklaces. An inked inscription verso in a period hand reads: ‘Type de négresse / Martinique.’

Situated in the Caribbean Sea, the island of Martinique is an overseas department of France. It is therefore a part of the European Union and its currency today is the euro. Most of Martinique's population is descended from African slaves brought to work on sugar plantations during the colonial era, generally mixed with some French, Amerindian, Indian (Tamil), Lebanese or Chinese elements.

Photographer unidentified, but probably Hartmann of Martinique.

Hippolyte Hartmann was a daguerreotypist who settled on Martinique and sometimes worked in the neighbouring colonies. The business was later taken over A.H. Hartmann, probably the son of Hippolyte, and he also travelled throughout the Caribbean recording the inhabitants of Suriname, British Guiana, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico and Haiti.

Condition: the print presents a few small imperfections in the area of the background but is otherwise in excellent condition, as is the mount.

 


price:  £125
code: cat003
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
Madame Sainval

Madame Sainval
Charles of Bordeaux

A carte-de-visite portrait of an elderly black woman wearing a plain dress and a patterned headwrap. A faint, pencilled inscription verso in a period hand identifies her as ‘Mdme Sainval.’

Photographed by Charles of 3 rue Mautrec, Bordeaux.

Charles Chambon, known professionally as ‘Charles,’ operated a studio at this address between 1857 and 1870. According to Voignier, in 1871 he relocated to 46 allées de Tourny, where the studio remained until it closed at the beginning of the 20th century.

Condition: the print presents a few small marks in the area of the background, mostly peripheral, but is otherwise in excellent condition, with very good tonal range. The mount presents an uneven upper edge, a few small marks recto in the margins and some minor wear at one lower corner; it is otherwise crisp and clean. 


price:  £150
code: cat004
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
Women of Jamaica

Four portraits of Jamaican women
J. S. Thompson of Jamaica (after the Duperly Brothers)

Four carte-de-visite portraits, each depicting a Jamaican woman engaged in a trade or activity. One of the women is clearly a beggar, another is posed as if in the act of cooking, and a third is carrying a tray of wares, possibly fruit and vegetables, on her head.

The photographer of three of the portraits is identified as J.S. Thompson of Jamaica, although these were almost certainly reprinted in the 1870s from negatives taken by the Duperly Brothers a decade earlier. The balustrade seen in the character study of the beggar woman was a studio prop much seen in Duperly portraits. (See Victorian Jamaica, edited by Tim Barringer and Wayne Modest, Yale University Press, 2018).

Published by the Scottish businessman and newspapers editor James Gall, who was also proprietor of the Myrtle Bank Hotel. The design of the backplate involves the legend ‘A Souvenir of Jamaica’ printed on a garter, enclosed in which appear the words 'James Gall / Myrtle Bank / Kingston.' The photographer is identified verso only along the lower edge.

The photographer of the fourth portrait, the woman with the tray on her head, is unidentified [reverse is blank].

Condition: the tonal range of two of them could perhaps be a little punchier, and one of them presents a small void at its upper left-hand corner, but the prints are otherwise all in good to excellent condition. The mounts are all firm, solid and reasonably clean, with crisp edges and sharp corners. 


price:  £325
code: cat005
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
Portraits of Fijians

Four portraits of Fijians
F.H. Dufty of Levuka

Four carte-de-visite portraits all showing different Fijians, with inked inscriptions verso in the same period hand identifying the sitters or providing a caption.

The four photographs show: King Epinesa Cakobau of Fiji (not captioned but easily recognisable); Tui Mousei [sic] and attendant; Loma Loma Natives; and ‘Daughters of the King.’

The Fijian chief and warlord King Epinesa Cakobau (1815-1883) was the self-proclaimed ‘King of Fiji.’ In fact he was only one warlord among many and his domination was in one limited area in Western Fiji. In 1871 he attempted to form a Western-style government but this collapsed after just two years. In 1873 the acting British consul sought British annexation of Fiji, and on 10 October 1874 it was pronounced a British colony with its capital at Suva.

‘Tui Mousei’ is a misspelling for ‘Tui Namosi’ which is a chiefly title held by the paramount chief of Namosi Province on the main island of Viti Levu, Fiji. The man seen here is elsewhere identified as a ‘Kai Colo,’ meaning ‘mountain warrior.’ Both men are wearing the ‘ulumate’ (literally: dead head), a huge wig of human hair for which the men of the hill tribes were famous.

Lomaloma is a district on the Fiji island of Vanua Balavu, one of the islands in Fiji's Lau archipelago. The first modern town in Fiji, it also acted as a key port of call between Tonga and Viti Levu. 

The two women seen in the lower left-hand portrait are daughters of King Epinesa Cakobau. Adi Arieta Kuila (died 27 January 1881) is seated, wearing a white smock and skirt. Her younger sister Adi Kakua is standing on the right, holding a posy of flowers.

Photographed by F. H. Dufty of Levuka, on the island of Ovalau [Fiji].

Francis (‘Frank’) Herbert Dufty arrived in Levuka from the colony of Victoria [Australia] in early 1871. Over the following sixteen years he first established and then expanded a successful studio on the island, producing many portraits and landscape photographs.

Condition: the print of King Epinesa Cakobau presents some black marks in the area of the background; the print of his two daughters presents some smaller but less peripheral black flecks; the other two prints are in good condition. All four mounts are clean, firm and solid, with crisp edges and sharp corners.

 

 

 


price:  £600
code: cat006
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
Woman and child of New Caledonia

 

Woman and child of New Caledonia
Allan Hughan of Noumea

A carte-de-visite portrait of a Kanak woman and small child, indigenous inhabitants of the (then) overseas French territory of New Caledonia.

Photographed by Allan Hughan of Noumea.

Born on 3 March 1837 at Colchester in Essex, Allan Ramsay Cunningham Hughan was the eighth child of Robert Alexander Hughan, a former teadealer from Kirkcudbright in Scotland, and his wife Hannah (née Oakley) from Ipswich. Robert died in 1844, aged only 47, leaving Hannah a widow with nine children to support. When one of her sons was transported in 1849, the rest of the family followed him to Australia. On 1 August 1858 Allan Hughan married Phoebe Berry Hall at Emerald Hill, Victoria. The marriage produced five children, of which two died in infancy.

Allan established himself as a trader in various commodities, mainly mother of pearl, but when he was shipwrecked at Yandee in New Caledonia in 1870, he abandoned his mercantile career and became a photographer in Noumea.

He established a studio in Rue Sebastopol and by 1871 he was advertising 'vues de Noumee et des environs' in the French newspaper Le Moniteur (7 June 1871). According to the website of the Royal Commonwealth Society Photography Collection at Cambridge University: ‘He was appointed Government Photographer after accompanying an expedition to inspect prison installations for Communards in November 1872. In 1872 he went to the Ile des Pins with the Governor and in early 1874 went on a photographic expedition to the interior of New Caledonia. He photographed Queen Hortense and her entourage and the mission station at Vao in August and September 1876.’

Allan Hughan died, aged only 46, at Noumea on 16 November 1883.

Condition: its tonal range could be a little punchier and it presents some spotting in the area of the foreground but the print is otherwise in fine condition. The mount presents a small amount of dirt verso and some very minor corner wear but is otherwise in good condition.


price:  £100
code: cat007
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
A troupe of dancers from Ceylon

 

Singhalese dancers
Anonymous

A cabinet card showing a large group of Singhalese dancers and performers. 

The photograph might have been taken in Ceylon [modern day Sri Lanka] or it is possible that these performers were appearing at one of the world’s fairs held in Europe in the late nineteenth century. In addition to these international expositions, there were also individual promoters who managed shows that moved around Europe. John and Carl Hagenbeck operated the largest of these touring companies but there were many other smaller enterprises too.

Condition: the print is in excellent condition, with particularly good tonal range; the mount is clean, firm and solid. 


price:  £200
code: cat008
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
Group of Kandyan chiefs

 

Kandyan chiefs
Skeen and Co of Ceylon (attrib.)

An albumen print portrait of Kandyan chiefs dating from the mid-1870s. An inked inscription in a period hand in the lower margin reads ‘Group of Kandian Chiefs.’

Photographed by either Skeen and Co of Ceylon or Scowan and Co of Ceylon.

Dimensions: the print measures 8.4" by 11.1" (21.5 cm by 28.2 cm) and is mounted on a larger album page of firm, stiff paper.

Condition: the print presents a few small marks in the area of the background but is otherwise in excellent condition. The album page presents a small amount of faint foxing in one margin but is otherwise crisp and clean. 


price:  £300
code: cat009
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
Delagoa Bay, Mozambique

 

Building the railway in Mozambique
Anonymous

Two albumen prints showing a large group of workers building the railway in Mozambique, which when these photographs were taken in the 1870s or 1880s was a Portuguese colony, though areas were contested by the British. In 1889, another dispute arose between Portugal and the United Kingdom over the Portuguese seizure of the railway running from the bay to the Transvaal. This dispute was also referred to arbitration and in 1900 Portugal was found liable and ordered to pay nearly £1,000,000 in compensation to the railway company's shareholders

A pencilled inscription in one margin reads ‘Delagoa Bay.’ A pencilled inscription in the other margin reads ‘Delagoa Bay, Railway Workers.’ Now called Maputo Bay, the inlet is the location of the island’s capital, Maputo.

Dimensions: the print showing the group of workers measures 5.4” by 7.9” (13.7 cm by 20.1 cm); the print showing the railway line (scan on request) measures 5.3” by 8.1” (13.4 cm by 20.6 cm). The page measures 7.3” by 9” (18.7 cm by 23 cm).

Condition: one print presents a loss of tone along its lower edge; the other print presents some dark, underdeveloped areas at its left and right edges. The two prints are mounted recto and verso on the same album page. The page is slightly warped and presents some pale foxing in its margins. 


price:  £120
code: cat010
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
Matabele man

Matabele man with bottle and glass
W. Rausch of Bulawayo

A silver gelatin print showing a smiling Matabele man posed with bottle and glass in the photographer’s studio against a painted backdrop. The rocks, tree branches and large pottery vessel are presumably supposed to add some verisimilitude to the otherwise jarringly inauthentic scene. A companion photograph exists, clearly taken on the same occasion, which shows the same man posed with a cigar in one hand and a bow in the other. 

The area known by Europeans in the nineteenth century as Matabeleland now comprises the western provinces of Zimbabwe, with its major city Bulawayo treated as a separate metropolitan province. Its people, then known by Europeans as the Matabele, were the Ndebele, were originally an offshoot of the Nguni people of Natal who migrated north in the 1820s. The British South Africa Company, a mercantile enterprise based in London, established itself in the region in 1890. The Matabele were defeated by the British in the First Matabele War (1893-94) and shortly afterwards the region was divided by the British South Africa Company into two provinces, Matabeleland in the west and Mashonaland (the traditional homeland of the Shona people) in the east. The Matabele Rebellion of 1896-97, also known as the Second Matabele War, failed completely and the Ndebele and Shona people remained subjects of the Rhodes administration. In 1923 Matabeleland became part of self-governing South Rhodesia and part of independent Zimbabwe in 1980.

Photographed by W. Rausch of Bulawayo.

By the middle of the 1890s, the photographer W. Rausch had established a studio in Bulawayo on Abercorn Street opposite the Bank of Africa, where, according to advertisements he placed in local newspapers, ‘All kinds of photographic work undertaken – groups photographed in town or country’ (Bulawayo Sketch, 21 November 1896). He also offered for sale ‘native’ portraits, photographic Christmas cards, and albums depicting the principal streets and buildings of Bulawayo.

Dimensions: the print measures 8” by 5.7” (20.5 cm by 14.5 cm) and is mounted on a slightly larger piece of cut-down album page that has been neatly separated from its reverse side by a professional conservator.

Condition: there are a few small cracks in its surface at its right-hand edge and lower right-hand corner but the print is otherwise in excellent condition, with very good tonal range. 


price:  SOLD
code: cat011
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
Matabele man

Matabele man with shield and spear
W. Rausch of Bulawayo

A silver gelatin print showing a Matabele man in full war regalia, with headdress, spear and shield. Two other Matabele men are visible in the background, seated around a metal cooking pot on a fire. Titled ‘Native Warrior’ in the negative and numbered ‘152.’

Photographed by W. Rausch of Bulawayo.

By the middle of the 1890s, the photographer W. Rausch had established a studio in Bulawayo on Abercorn Street opposite the Bank of Africa, where, according to advertisements he placed in local newspapers, ‘All kinds of photographic work undertaken – groups photographed in town or country’ (Bulawayo Sketch, 21 November 1896). He also offered for sale ‘native’ portraits, photographic Christmas cards, and albums depicting the principal streets and buildings of Bulawayo.

Dimensions: the print measures 8.1” by 5.9” (20.6 cm by 15.1 cm) and is mounted on a slightly larger piece of cut-down album page that has been neatly separated from its reverse side by a professional conservator.

Condition: a crack in the original negative appears as a black line in the foreground but the print is otherwise in fine condition, although a little indistinct in the area of the sitter’s face. 


price:  £125
code: cat012
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
Mahwe Ndiweni

‘Queen Marwe’
W. Rausch of Bulawayo

A silver gelatin print portrait of a Matabele (Ndebele) woman identified in the negative as ‘Queen Marwe,’ more correctly known as Mahwe Ndiweni. She was one of the wives of Lobengula Khumalo, the last king of the Northern Ndebele people, historically called the Matabele in English. She was a daughter of Mletje, induna of Ujinga and sister of induna Nkomo of Ujinga. Mahwe had no children. (See Lozikeyi Dlodlo: Queen of the Ndebele by Marieke Faber Clarke and Pathisa Nyathi, 2010).

Photographed by W. Rausch of Bulawayo.

By the middle of the 1890s, the photographer W. Rausch had established a studio in Bulawayo on Abercorn Street opposite the Bank of Africa, where, according to advertisements he placed in local newspapers, ‘All kinds of photographic work undertaken – groups photographed in town or country’ (Bulawayo Sketch, 21 November 1896). He also offered for sale ‘native’ portraits, photographic Christmas cards, and albums depicting the principal streets and buildings of Bulawayo.

Dimensions: the print measures 8” by 5.8” (20.5 cm by 14.7 cm) and is mounted on a slightly larger piece of cut-down album page that has been neatly separated from its reverse side by a professional conservator.

Condition: the print presents a few small imperfections but is otherwise in excellent condition, with very good tonal range.  

 

 


price:  £200
code: cat013
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
Matabele man

Matabele man with shield and spear
W. Rausch of Bulawayo

Another silver gelatin print depicting a Matabele man in war regalia, this time posed in the photographer’s studio against a painted backdrop, with a few genuine rocks and branches placed around the staged scene. Numbered ‘137’ in the negative.

Photographed by W. Rausch of Bulawayo.

By the middle of the 1890s, the photographer W. Rausch had established a studio in Bulawayo on Abercorn Street opposite the Bank of Africa, where, according to advertisements he placed in local newspapers, ‘All kinds of photographic work undertaken – groups photographed in town or country’ (Bulawayo Sketch, 21 November 1896). He also offered for sale ‘native’ portraits, photographic Christmas cards, and albums depicting the principal streets and buildings of Bulawayo.

Dimensions: the print measures 8” by 6” (20.5 cm by 15.1cm) and is mounted on a slightly larger piece of cut-down album page that has been neatly separated from its reverse side by a professional conservator.

Condition: the print presents a few minor imperfections, most notably a small black mark in the area of the background near the left-hand edge, but is otherwise in excellent condition with good tonal range.


price:  £125
code: cat014
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
Three Zulu warriors

 

Zulu warriors
Anonymous

An unmounted albumen print portrait of three Zulu warriors.

Photographer possibly identified by the initials ‘P. H-P. E’ printed in the negative along the lower edge of the image.

Dimensions: the print measures 5.4” by 7.9” (13.5cm by 20 cm).

Condition: apart from a few small nicks at the edges, the print is in very good condition.  


price:  £100
code: cat015
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
Zulu warrior

Zulu warrior
Anonymous

An unmounted silver gelatin print on printing-out paper showing an armed Zulu tribesman. Titled ‘Zulu Warrior’ and numbered ‘10’ in the negative.

Photographer unidentified.

Dimensions: including its border (not shown in the scan), the print measures 8.5” by 6.1” (21.5 cm by 15.5 cm).

Condition: the print presents some edge and corner wear, most noticeable the tips of two corners are missing and there is a small tear in its left-hand edge near the upper left-hand corner. The print is otherwise in fine condition, with very good tonal range. 


price:  £150
code: cat016
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
M.E. Wilson

 

M.E. Wilson
Alfred Hendrey of Cambridgeshire

A cabinet card of portrait of a young black woman identified as ‘M.E. Wilson’ by an inked inscription (possibly her signature) across the lower right-hand corner. The sitter’s clothes and the photographer’s backplate date the image to around 1891 or 1892.

The history of black people in Great Britain is as yet poorly understood prior to the arrival of the Windrush generation in 1948. Official sources seldom recorded a person’s race, so any estimate of figures is at best only a wild guess. However, surviving photographs of black sitters suggest that there were many more people of colour living and working in Britain than was once imagined, and that they were not just present in large metropolitan areas but also in small rural communities.

Photographed by Alfred Hendrey of Godmanchester, St Ives and Ramsey in Cambridgeshire.

Born in 1854, Alfred Hendrey followed in the footsteps of his father Fuller Hendrey and was originally a fishmonger (1871 census) before he became a photographer. He was first mentioned in a trade directory as a photographer in 1876, at which time he was operating a studio in Godmanchester. He later opened further studios in St Ives and Ramsey, the three towns forming a triangle located just to the east of Huntingdon. At the time of the 1881 and 1891 censuses he was living with his family on Post Street in Godmanchester. He died there on 21 November 1901, aged 56, leaving an estate valued at £797. After his death, his widow Sarah Ann Hendrey (née Woods) took over the business, with the help of her sons Victor Hendrey and Percy Hendrey, but when she died in 1915 her estate was worth just £63.

Condition: both the print and mount are in excellent condition.

 


price:  £100
code: cat017
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs
Tom Kemp

Tom Kemp
Carl Van Vechten

A matt silver print on stiff, double-weight paper showing the American dancer Tom Kemp.

Photographed by Carl Van Vechten.

The American writer and photographer Carl Van Vechten (1880-1864) was a patron of the Harlem Renaissance and the literary executor of Gertrude Stein. He gained fame as a writer, and notoriety as well, for his novel Nigger Heaven, first published in 1926, which portrayed life in Harlem. In his later years, he took up photography and made portraits of many notable figures in the arts. Although he married two women, Van Vechten engaged in numerous homosexual affairs throughout his life.

The photographer is identified by his wetstamp on the reverse of the print. The sitter is identified by an inscription pencilled above the photographer’s wetstamp. Although undated here, the photograph was taken in 1948.

Dimensions: the print, which is unmounted and has no borders, measures 9.5” by 7.1” (242 mm by 182 mm).

Condition: excellent. 


price:  SOLD
code: cat018
Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs